Welcome to Los Angeles, 1926

26-lightenedRED JADE, my first Avery Shepard novel, takes place in and around Los Angeles in late 1926. Modern day time travelers might need to orient themselves if they were to visit that world, for the Los Angeles of “then” has some notable differences to “now.”oranges_groves_los_angelesYou didn’t have to drive very far to run into an orange grove in 1926. Mt. San Antonio, “Old Baldy,” in the distance.

Broadway_and_Fifth_St._los_angeles_walker's_department_storeLos Angeles then had two streetcar lines- the yellow cars of the Los Angeles Railway, which served the central downtown, and the well-remembered big red cars of the Pacific Electric Railway that extended to the suburbs and outlying areas such as Hollywood and Long Beach. In 1926, the PE completed its Subway Terminal Building on Hill St.

colonial_cafeteria_los_angeles_631_S._Hill

Los Angeles loved its cafeterias, the more unique the better. Even the elegant Alexandria Hotel opened its Peacock Inn coffee shop lunch room in December 1926. In other dining there were places like the “café unique,” Ye Bull Pen Inn, the Victor Hugo for fine French cuisine, and out on Wilshire Blvd. you’d soon be able to eat in a hat.

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The Cecil at 640 S. Main was completed in late 1924

The city still had a slight inferiority complex when visitors compared it to eastern cities, but in 1926 it could proudy point to its new cultural institutions like the Orpheum and Belasco theaters, and the Shrine Auditorium; and civic buildings including the public library, the Hall of Justice, and the new city hall rising against the skyline at First & Spring and Main & Temple streets. There were swank hotels like the Biltmore and the Ambassador, popular tourist hotels like the New Rosslyn, and the Cecil, the YWCA’s Hotel Figueroa for ladies, and the Breakers in Long Beach. Voters approved construction of a new union station train depot in 1926, but it would be many more years before it came to fruition.

arcade_building_los_angeles

Modeled after the Burlington Arcade in London, the Arcade Building opened in February 1924. Extending between Spring St. and Broadway, the first three floors were topped by a glass roof with small specialty shops on the ground floor.

The downtown business district was growing as well. 1926 saw the opening of several new structures, including the Quimby Building, the Chester Williams Building, the Kodak Building, and the Board of Trade Building.

J.W._Robinsons_department_storeThe retail shopping center was anchored by large department stores like J.W. Robinson’s and Bullock’s for upscale shoppers, and the May Company and The Broadway for the budget-minded. Pioneer clothing merchants Harris & Frank moved into their new building in late 1925, and the venerable old furniture and household goods firm, Barker Brothers, took up residence in their block long building at the start of 1926.

parlor_car_sightseeing_tours_los_angeles

For those who didn’t drive, luxury auto stages made sightseeing a pleasure. This parlor car tour outfit departed from 515 S. Spring St. in the Alexandria Hotel Annex.

Then there were its scenic recreation areas, with both beach amusement areas such as the Long Beach Pike, and mountain resorts like Mt. Wilson with its important observatory a short automobile trip away. Moving offshore, the Los Angeles Steamship Co.’s Harvard & Yale could take you to San Diego or San Francisco, while William Wrigley, Jr.’s “Great White Steamships” made the trip to Catalina Island.

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Avalon Bay, Catalina- not yet dominated by the Casino in 1926.

Hollywood_athletic_club_Los_angeles_athletic_club

The 1924 Hollywood Athletic Club on Sunset Blvd. and the 1912 Los Angeles Athletic Club at Seventh & Olive streets.

It was a sportsman’s paradise as well. Boxing fans could find a fight on somewhere almost any day of the week. The new Memorial Coliseum hosted the first professional football game in Los Angeles when Red Grange brought the Chicago Bears to town in January 1926, and the first USC-Notre Dame game later that year. The city had a new baseball park, too- Wrigley Field, the first ballpark to have that name- and two minor-league baseball teams, the Los Angeles Angels and the Hollywood Stars.

mulholland_dam_hollywood_reservoir_1920s

There was plenty of water & electrical power. Work started on the Municipal Water Bureau’s dam and reservoir project in 1923. Originally known as Weid Dam, the gravity arch structure was formally dedicated and named in honor of its builder, the bureau’s chief engineer William Mulholland, in a ceremony held St. Patrick’s Day 1925. The first automobile to cross the dam road over Hollywood Reservoir did so three months before that, however- a Moon series A sedan piloted by actress Virginia De Lillies.

The city supported several daily and evening newspapers then. The upstart Los Angeles Illustrated Daily News was saved from bankruptcy in 1926, much to the annoyance of established papers such as Harry Chandler’s Los Angeles Times, and William Randolph Heart’s Los Angeles Examiner.

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The Angels Flight funicular railway at 3rd & Hill streets carried foot passengers up to the top of Bunker Hill while automobiles whizzed through the Third St. Tunnel.

automobile_club_of_southern_california_figueroa_and_adams

The Automobile Club of Southern California was founded in 1900. It moved to its Spanish-Colonial Revival-style headquarters at Figueroa St. & W. Adams Blvd, in 1923.

In 1926, Los Angeles was a city of 1,268,680 people with 560,136 passenger cars registered within the county. Where to park them all then as now was a problem, and the practice of pulling down old buildings to make way for parking lots is not a new one.

pershing_square_park_los_angeles

From 1911 to late 1918 Pershing Square had been known as Central Park; the new name was adopted a few days after the Armistice to honor General Pershing and the American soldiers and sailors who participated in World War I.

Los Angeles could be proud of its many parks, like Sunset Park in Beverly Hills, Exposition Park with its history & art museum and rose gardens, and Westlake Park, west of the city. Pershing Square Park was then a green oasis in the central downtown district.

Exposition Park, with its history & art museum (right) was also the location of the Memorial Coliseum.

warner_brothers_sunset_blvdThe motion picture industry had been gradually shifting its focus to the West Coast and by 1926 was definitely in Los Angeles (or Hollywood, Culver City, etc) to stay. Paramount Pictures bought its Melrose Avenue property in 1926. Louis B. Mayer’s Metro and Marcus Loew formed a merger to become Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) in 1924, the year Harry Cohn’s Columbia Pictures got its name; the Warner Brothers merger happened in 1925.

carthay_circle_theaterLos Angeles loved going to the movies, which were still “silent” in 1926. Premieres typically took place downtown on Broadway rather than in Hollywood, but that started to change with the opening of the Carthay Circle Theater off Wilshire Blvd. in May 1926. Several other movie theaters debuted this year also, including the El Capitan in Hollywood, and the Westlake Theater.

signalhillbungalow

Along with the movies and agriculture, petroleum was a huge industry for Los Angeles in the 1920s- providing plenty of cheap gas for all those cars!

bungalow_court_los_angeles

Who didn’t dream of a Los Angeles bungalow court in midwinter (especially if it wasn’t next to an oil field)?

I hope you’ll enjoy exploring Avery’s Los Angeles, as it was in 1926.

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